Common Types of Construction Fraud

Fraud of all kinds is prevalent across every type of construction project. While cases of construction companies defrauding their clients are the most reported, it is the companies themselves that often lose money to fraud perpetrated by employees, contractors and partners.

To protect themselves, businesses should be aware of the following most common fraud schemes:

  1. Nonpayment of subcontractors and material suppliers done by delaying or falsifying lien waivers, or using project cash receipts to pay bills for other projects.
  2. Billing for unperformed work—often by exaggerating the units of production accomplished or the labour and equipment actually used.
  3. Subcontractor collusion, such as bid rigging and price fixing. It is important to prequalify and pre-approve contractors, provide the full scope of work to bid on, and then select the best-priced, most qualified and responsive subcontractor.
  4. Substituting or removing material, which can include doing things like installing low-grade materials that would require future repairs.
  5. Stealing tools or equipment from a worksite, often done by billing for equipment or tools for the job site that are then used for other subcontractor projects or personal use, or billing for unnecessary tools.

For further protection, it’s a good idea to implement a compliance and ethics program, set up an anonymous reporting system, properly define project scopes and ensure segregation of duties.

Prepare for OSHA’s First Injury Tracking Deadline

OSHA’s new Injury Tracking Application (ITA) was launched on Aug. 1, 2017, allowing establishments to start submitting their 2016 Form 300A. OSHA’s proposed compliance deadline is Dec. 1, 2017, leaving employers limited time to prepare.

The following establishments are subject to the rule and its subsequent reporting requirements:

  • Establishments with 250 or more employees
  • Establishments with 20-249 employees that operate in identified high-risk industries

In order to meet the Dec. 1 deadline, employers should familiarize themselves with the ITA. Employers in states that operate OSHA-approved state plans should consult with their OSHA state-plan administrator for any additional electronic reporting instructions.